Guy S. Beresford D.O | Jane E. Hartley D.O | 01242 516048 | info@cotswoldosteopaths.co.uk

Sciatica

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Sciatica

Sciatica is pain in the lower extremity resulting from irritation of the sciatic nerve.

  • The sciatic nerve is the largest nerve in the body
  • Sciatica is nerve pain from irritation of the sciatic nerve
  • Sciatica pain is typically felt from the low back to behind the thigh and radiating down below the knee
  • Treatments for sciatica depend on the underlying cause and the severity of the pain

The pain of sciatica is typically felt from the low back (lumbar area) to behind the thigh and can radiate down below the knee. The sciatic nerve is the largest nerve in the body and begins from nerve roots in the lumbar spinal cord in the low back and extends through the buttock area to send nerve endings down the lower limb. The pain of sciatica is sometimes referred to as sciatic nerve pain.

While sciatica is most commonly a result of a lumbar disc herniation directly pressing on the nerve, any cause of irritation or inflammation of the sciatic nerve can produce the symptoms of sciatica. This irritation of nerves as a result of an abnormal intervertebral disc is referred to as radiculopathy. Aside from a pinched nerve from a disc, other causes of sciatica include irritation of the nerve from adjacent bone, tumors, muscle, internal bleeding, infections in or around the lumbar spine, injury, and other causes. Sometimes sciatica can occur because of irritation of the sciatic nerve during pregnancy.

Risk factors for sciatica include degenerative arthritis of the lumbar spine, lumbar disc disease, and slipped disc, and trauma or injury to the lumbar spine.

Sciatica causes pain, a burning sensation, numbness, or tingling radiating from the lower back and upper buttock down the back of the thigh to the back of the leg. The result is lumbar pain, buttock pain, hip pain, and leg pain. Sometimes the pain radiates around the hip or buttock to feel like hip pain. While sciatica is often associated with lower back pain (lumbago), it can be present without low back pain. Severe sciatica can make walking difficult if not impossible.

Sometimes the symptoms of sciatica are aggravated by walking or bending at the waist and relieved by lying down. The pain relief by changing positions can be partial or complete.

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01242 516048
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01386 41219
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01451 810086
  • Northleach,
  • Westwood Surgery,
  • Bassett Road,
  • GL54 3QJ,
Northleach Clinic
01451 810086

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01242 525 437
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